Newborn (0-1 month)During the first few weeks and days, newborns are still adjusting to life outside of the womb. Certain reflexes that they practiced in the womb can still be seen after birth, while some are gradually disappearing.
1 TO 4 monthsDuring these months, they are starting to explore the world around them. They are learning to reach out and manipulate things using their hands. Also, they are now starting to recognize the voices of the people who take care of them. Physical • On prone position, they should be able to lift their head and chest and are able to look both ways. • They are now able to open and close their hands.
4 TO 8 monthsAt 4 to 8 months, they can already get started with complementary feedings as their first few teeth are appearing. They can also use their hands and feet to get to their toys and play with them. Physical • Their first tooth might be cutting, which could cause them to be more fussy than usual.
8 TO 12 monthsThis is the transition stage from being an infant to a toddler. They are becoming more independent and they tend to try to do things on their own. They are also capable of calling-out their mom and dad and can recognize their own name. Physical • Drinks from a cup with support. • Able to reach for toys using one hand.
NutritionExclusive breastfeeding is recommended for newborns until 6 months of age. It is the healthiest food for infants since it is produced by our body and is packed with vitamins and immune boosters. It lowers their risk from having asthma, allergies and bouts of diarrhea. At 6 months of age, you can already start to do complementary feeding as this is the ideal time to introduce some foods to their diet. You can start with iron-fortified cereal or and one pureed fruit (without skin/seeds) per day. Refrain from giving them foods with different ingredients for the first few weeks in order to tell if they have an allergic reaction to any.
When to talk to your pediatricianIf your child shows signs of any of the following at around 12 months of age, consider having a talk with your pediatrician:
• Problems with eye contact • No response to his or her name • Problems with following another person’s gaze or with pointing a finger to an object • Poor skills in pretend play and imitation • Problem with non-verbal communication • Any other problem that you think your child suddenly stopped developing